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4 Types of Arthritis

Arthritis of any kind is among the most painful and life-changing conditions. It affects virtually every aspect of your life and can greatly impact your ability to get through your normal routine. The first step in finding relief from your symptoms and regaining normalcy is to understand the force behind your pain. 

Our four expert doctors and three experienced physician’s assistants at Rincon Pain & Spine are highly trained in both identifying and treating all types of arthritis

An overview of arthritis

Arthritis refers to the damage, swelling, and inflammation of one or more of your joints. You have joints all over your body from your spine to your toes, and those joints are all covered in protective substances. When those defenses wear away whether by disease or time, you experience significant pain and range of motion problems. 

There are over 100 different kinds of arthritis, but the following are the four types of arthritis our specialists see most often.

#1 Rheumatoid arthritis

This first type of arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, and this means that your immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells, namely the cells that make up the protective lining of your joints. Without protection, your joints rub and grind against each other causing severe pain, mobility issues, and eventually problems like bone erosion and joint deformity. 

It’s not exactly known what causes this phenomenon to happen, but it likely stems from a genetic issue that makes you more susceptible to infections, which can trigger the irregular immune response.

#2 Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis afflicts more people than any other type of arthritis because it’s a result of overuse and wear-and-tear, which all people are vulnerable to. While arthritis is typically a problem for people of increased age, it’s the leading cause of disability in working-age people. 

Constant use and time eventually wear the cartilage protecting your joints away leaving your bones exposed and rubbing harshly against each other. This causes changes to your entire joint as the connective tissues that hold together your joint and adhere muscle to bone also disintegrate. 

#3 Psoriatic arthritis

If you have a skin condition called psoriasis, you may develop arthritis along with the red patches and scaly skin. Similar to rheumatoid arthritis, this is an autoimmune disorder that leads to the deterioration of healthy cells and chronic inflammation in your joints. 

#4 Gout

Although it doesn’t have arthritis in its name, gout is classified as arthritis because its a condition that affects your joints. 

It starts with a buildup of urate crystals in your joints. Urate crystals form as a result of excess uric acid in your blood. This acid, usually processed and removed through your urine, can be found in foods like steak and seafood and sugary or alcoholic drinks. This makes a poor diet and obesity one of the leading causes of gout. 

The crystal buildup causes sudden, severe pain and mobility issues rather than chronic symptoms. If left untreated, you can experience recurrent gout, the formation of nodules below your skin, and kidney stones. 

Treating your arthritis

There are many types of arthritis and our team offers a wide range of treatment options to treat them. Whether you have rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or gout, we’re equipped to treat it effectively. 

Our available treatments include:

We discuss your symptoms and goals with you and create a customized treatment plan based on your specific needs. 

Developing arthritis can feel like the end of life as you know it, but it doesn’t have to be. With our extensive list of effective therapies, we can help you resume your favorite activities and keep up with your daily life. 

If you’d like more information or want to get started with a consultation, call our friendly staff or schedule an appointment online today.

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